Jordan is carved in the heart of the Middle East and is part of the land bridge , Linking Europe, Africa and Asia. It has seen countless armies come and go – Greeks, Romans, Muslims, and Christian Crusaders – all of whom have left evidence of their conquests. There are thousands of ruins and archaeological sites from all periods in every corner of the country.
Jordan is mainly desert; from the dramatic red sands and towering cliffs of the far south to the stony plains of volcanic basalt in the east. Also packed into this small country are the lush hills of the north and the plunging rift of the Jordan Valley, which runs into the Dead Sea, the lowest point on Earth. The centre of the country is made up of wheat fields, which are cut through by canyons and bordered by craggy mountains. At the southernmost tip of the country, beaches fringe the warm waters of the Red Sea, which harbours spectacular coral reefs.