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Bird watching tours

Specialist Tours Bird watching tours

Migratory Birds 

About 280 bird species have been recorded in Azraq, most of which are migratory. Jordan lies on the main migration route between Russia and Africa, and many birds stop in Azraq to rest along their long journey. Several birds of prey stop to drink and hunt at the pools on their autumn migration, such as the Honey Buzzard and Montagu's Harrier. Other migrating birds include the Ruff, Avocet, Little Stint, Kentish Plover, and the Little Ringed Plover. 

Wintering Birds 

Many species of birds stay for longer periods of time, making Azraq their winter home. One such species is the Crane, a large majestic bird. In flight, the Crane looks enormous, with long wings, an outstretched neck, and long projecting legs. You can often hear its loud, nasal trumpet blasts in the distance, announcing its advance. Cranes migrate in family flocks, flying in a V-shaped formation or in a staggered line. In the spring, Cranes perform a grand courtship dance, in which they raise their plumes, make trumpeting noises, and bow deeply. 

There are also many species of wintering ducks, including the Shelduck, Shoveler, Teal, Wigeon, and Mallard. In autumn or winter, you may also spot the Coot, diving for plant stalks and small creatures. 

Breeding Birds 

With the restoration of the marshland, several species of birds have returned to breed in Azraq, such as the Hoopoe Lark, Cetti's Warbler, the Desert Finch and the Marsh Harrier. The salt mounds formed in the mudflats in the dry season provide important areas for breeding birds. The sighting of one breeding pair of Marbled Teal, a rare, globally threatened bird, was a particularly exciting discovery. 

Birds in Dibbeen 

The results of the birds' baseline survey of 2004 showed that Dibbeen forest harbors important populations of species; these include Tawny Owl, Blue Tit and Wren. In addition, the Dibbeen forest is till now the only site in Jordan, where the Oriental (Bonelli's) Warbler was previously recorded breeding. Its current status in Dibbeen is, however, unknown and needs further investigation. The forest also hosts important numbers of wintering species such as Siskin, Chaffinch and Brambings. 

The mixture of tree species with different height and structure has a positive impact on the diversity of bird species. The greatest problem affecting Dibbeen forest is its fragmentation due to rural expansion. The bird diversity will most probably be affected in future if the fragmentation of natural forests continues. Based on the results of this study, four species were selected as keystone species; these are Blue Tit, Wren, Tawny Owl and Bonelli’s Warbler.

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